Finding a good home renovation building company is not an easy task. It might take days or even months if you do not know what to look for in a good company. However, with the help of this tutorial you will be able to acknowledge the characteristics of a good house renovation builder in Auckland and how to pick the right remodelling company for your project.
Steps On How To Choose A Renovation Company For Your Home.
The first primary factor of finding a professional building company is to first acknowledge the work that you need to be completed, before meeting any contractor. By educating yourself about your renovation plan, it will be easier for you to inform the contractor of what you expect. Furthermore, the company you hire for the renovation project will have a clear picture by interpreting the estimates that you provide.
Another key factor of finding a good renovating company is to check past experience and references of the contractor. A company’s procedure, references, communication and specifications determines whether a company is ideal for the job or not. Poor communication can cause misunderstanding and cost you more money to correct unnecessary errors.
What To Look For In A Good Home Renovation Company.
Apart from past experience and excellent presentation, a legitimate home renovation company should also possess contractor reviews as a company. Therefore, make sure that the company you choose to hire has contractors who affiliated with other business bureaus such as the Master Builders. You can use the web to find some of the Business bureaus that are registered in your area.
A certified renovation building company should also be able to advice you about your renovation plan after visiting your home. For better clarification, you can provide the company with a list of questions about your project. A potential building company will not hesitate to answer any of your questions and should be able to provide solutions to any of your queries.
Another important factor you should emphasise on when hiring a house renovation builder in Auckland is how much the company is charging you for their services. Top renovation building companies are not cheap, but that does not mean that you should pay a fortune for this kind of project. A renovation building company that is well equipped and meets your expectation should charge you a reasonable amount.
Moreover, do not choose a company because it is willing to charge you less. When it comes to home renovation projects, it is best to hire a company that you are sure off and does not require any form of supervision in order to deliver quality work.
Renovating your home can take weeks or even months, depending on the task at hand. But by hiring a professional renovation building company, you are guaranteed that the work will be completed sooner since the job is tackled by more than one person. By using these tips, you can be able to find a reliable house renovation builder in Auckland to renovate your home.
The home is by far the most valuable asset most individuals ever invest in whether you are buying an existing house having a new home built. For this reason alone it is important it is to ensure that the construction project on a new house goes according to plan and especially the budget. Besides offering a comfortable roof over heads and those of our family, it is at home where we feel most secure. This basically means that finding the perfect design and style of your home that suits your family’s needs is of paramount importance. In essence, always keep in mind that the outcome of your home construction project will solely depend on which of the house building companies in Auckland you hire to carry out the job.
Therefore, working with a reputable and professional construction company would be in your best interest if everything is to go as planned. Let’s have a look at some of the essential factors that you will need to consider before finding the right house building company to build your new home.
A quality home building company will always be more than willing to provide past accomplishments over the years to prove his salt. In essence, experience does play a lead role in determining the final outcome. The past projects will just go a long way in showing you whether they were successful or not and the type of quality produced. Even though younger companies may put in extra effort to prove their worth, it is always better to work with experienced house building contractors in general. Besides having honed their skills over years, these companies have indeed been through varying difficult situations meaning they are better placed to tackle issues as they come.
Using Referrals For House Building Companies:
The best thing about using referrals is that you will always get an opinion based on actual experience of working with the subject contractor. These are from the people who have actually spent money with that particular building firm. By seeking referrals from family members, colleagues or friends who have been in your position before, you will be able to be pointed out in the right direction to find the best candidate for the job. Since the individual you ask is not affiliated to any contractor, you are bound to get honest reviews and feedback that should go a long way in helping you in your quest.
Professionalism And Expertise:
As earlier stated, a quality house building contractor will always be more than ready to prove their worth mainly through past accomplishments and credentials. The company should not only be happy to talk about the other jobs they have successfully completed but also back up its claims by showing tangible proof. This can include letters of thanks from past clients, industry awards and these days video testimonials which you can find online.
Here’s is a video reference for one of the best house building companies in Auckland, Repair and Restore.
The levels of professionalism can also be easily identified through the initial face to face meeting with the building company representatives. If you do not meet the owner at the beginning ask to have a meeting with them soon after so you can get a feel for that person and how they deal with people. Always go with your gut and keep away contractors who seem not to have a clue on the basics.
The Cost Factor:
Not surprisingly, different house building contractors will offer varying cost. In general, it would be wise to ask for a handful of estimates, three is a good number. When you see one that offers a total package that looks appealing, ask them back to give you a fixed quotation. Make sure it is in writing and includes both time and expense budgets. Cost and time over-runs are notorious in the building industry so get your builder to commit to these two key measures. It will save you a lot of grief later and also give you strong negotiating positions if things do go wrong with the project.
In essence, a professional house building company should always provide you with expert consultants to help you come up with a detailed budget. This will entail the specific prices of materials, labour and also the model numbers of any appliances you might want. If you think you are getting a Poggenpohl kitchen and they install a cheap brand, you will not be happy. By getting quotes from several house building companies, you will indeed have a rough estimate of the general market prices. However, it is always advisable for aspiring home owners to remember that even though high quality services will usually charge more, the highest charging quote does not necessarily reflect the company’s effectiveness or quality in anyway.
House Builders’ Insurance:
Construction workers are prone to numerous hazards on building sites. It would therefore be wise to ask whether the house building company in question carries any insurance coverage. Ask for specific details and to see a copy of their current insurance certificate. This point is extremely important since if there is a problem and the builder is not covered, there is a very real chance that you will be held liable. This basically means that you will practically not be liable (financially speaking), for any injury or damage that will occur during construction. Any serious contractor should have an insurance coverage plan that caters for the above eventualities.
In conclusion, finding house building companies in Auckland is no mean feat. It is essential that you do find a great contractor, but you will have to stay focused and keep your eye on the ball in order to do so.
Repair and Restore http://www.repairandrestore.co.nz/
Are you thinking about renovating your home? This is something that many people choose to do after living at their house for a few years when their family has grown or their needs have changed. It may take them quite a bit of time to save the money, or build up enough equity in their home in order to get an additional mortgage to finance this type of project. Doing this yourself can look an attractive proposition in that you can save money on the labour costs. However, such a large project can take a lot of time, something that is a commodity that is very hard to come by nowadays. If you are working a full-time job, and you do not have the expertise to get this done, you are going to have to consider hiring a professional in order to have your renovations done right away. Here are a few tips on how you can find a home renovations builder that can help you with your renovations, allowing you to change the way that your house looks in no time at all.
Renovations Inside The Home
In order to carry out renovations inside of your home, you are going to have to make a few considerations. It is unlikely that you will be able to undertake all of the changes in one big project so you will have to pick the place that you want to start with. For instance, many people begin with the kitchen area since this is the most used room in the entire house, second only to the bathrooms. It is also the renovation that ahs the biggest impact on the value of your home. If all you are doing is changing the wallpaper or the colour of the kitchen itself by changing the cupboard doors for example, you will be able to get this room done for just a few hundred dollars. Larger renovations are going to be taking out the appliances, putting in a sunroof, or changing the cabinetry. You might even want to change the entire layout of extend the kitchen. A common renovation these days with Auckland homes is to integrate the living room and kitchen into one big living space. It just depends on what you want to accomplish, and how much money you have to work with.
Renovating Bathrooms And Bedrooms
Another place that people begin to do this is in the main bathroom or the bedrooms in their houses. People will often begin with the bathroom because this again will add a considerable amount to the value of your house. However, a more modest renovation is one of are the easiest to do. Usually all you have to do is change the lighting, the wall coverings and floor tiles. However, if you are going to go all-out, you can change the bathtub, shower, and the sink in order to change the entire look of each bathroom that you have in your home. If you have children that use one bathroom, and the adults use the other, you can change it to accommodate the different styles for each person in the home.
When you are going to renovate the bedrooms, the same considerations need to be made. Kids will want a kid friendly theme, whereas adult may go for something like oak dressers, and also get a larger bed, something that is more comfortable to sleep in. The home renovations builder can also add an en-suite bathroom if there is space.Adding On An Entire New Room
The final thing that you might want to consider doing is adding on an entire new room. There are many ways to do this additionally without having to add a room onto the home at all. For instance, if you have a garage that is not being used, this is something that you can convert into liveable space which can be a family room for everyone, or you could create a completely separate location which you could rent out. It really depends on how many children you have, whether or not you want to have the extra space in order to spend family time, or perhaps you would like to build an entire new bedroom so that your older children can have a room of their own. Much will depend on how much money you have to work with, and if you can get a loan. You also need to think about how much disruption you are will to tolerate. A major renovation will take weeks and probably a number of months from start to finish. And it is guaranteed to be messy and stressful so it is important o find the right home renovations builder for your work. If you are going to sell the home, this is a great way to get tens of thousands of more dollars for the price of the home because you are adding more square footage of usable space.
Now that you have a better idea of what you can do with your next home renovation project, you might want to consider hiring a home renovation builder that can come to your home, give you an estimate, and start on the project right away. By comparing the many different companies that are in the area, you will be able to get the best prices, uncover someone that can work on your schedule to get this done and to find the best Auckland home renovations builder for your particular project. Be sure to check their previous work and get references from other clients of theirs. Repair & Restore has some very impressive video references on their website.
If you have made the decision to renovate your home, you have to be particularly careful if it is an older one. There are many mistakes people make when renovating older homes and you do not want to do something you will regret. This article notes some of the more common mistakes. Here is a list of things you do not want to do while trying to fix up your home.
Going For A Look That Is Too Modern
There is nothing wrong with making your home ultra-modern if you plan to do this to all parts of the house. It is a big mistake to make one room look like a scene straight from 2025 and the rest of the place is from 1925. Try making subtle changes that will mix the old with the new. This will look much better than having a home with different styles that do not mesh.
Not Budgeting Enough Money
One thing that you should understand is that renovating a very old home is usually more costly than working on more modern houses. Things like older plumbing and wiring may have to be removed or replaced, and this can be very costly. The costs are not just in the plumbing or wiring themselves but as these services are hidden away behind the walls, the workers will have to take out and then replace a lot of the walling. Plus of course, you will then have decorating costs on top of that.
Many people make the mistake of getting started without making sure that they have enough money to complete the entire project. This is not something that you want to do, so be very careful when planning financially for a renovation project. Talk to a number of builders or trades people to get some ball-park ideas on costs, add them up and add 25%. Yes, every renovation project goes over budget so to avoid major stress and disappointment, build in a hefty contingency before you start. If you cannot afford the contingency, then seriously, gold off doing the project until you have the extra money saved. In all probability you will need that extra but if at the end it has not all been spent, then you can pay off some of your mortgage.
Forgetting To Replace The Foundation
It is often said that older homes were built more solidly than modern ones but this does not mean that they are built to last forever. One thing that you should know is that foundations start to wear out over the years. In some cases, this can make your home structurally unsafe. Also, modern building codes require deeper foundations than in the past. With moving and settling of land, it is a good idea to think about this aspect. If you are planning to do major renovations to your home, it would be a big mistake to forget about the foundation.
Not Considering Resale Value
You may look around your home and have this feeling that all it needs is some new and modern renovations to really make it look nice, but you have to consider the fact that you may want to sell your home one day. People who purchase older homes do so because they are a fan of the classic look and feel. They may not be too happy to take a look at an older home that had too many modern conveniences.
Another common problem with major renovations is that people over-capitalise. This means that they build a house that is too big for their area. While a five bedroom house might seem like a good idea, if all the others in your road are only three bedrooms, you will find it hard to get a buyer. When you are doing renovations, make sure that you don’t do so much work that it removes all of the character from the place.
Failing To Set Aside Money For Asbestos Removal
Asbestos is not used when building houses these days, but it used to be very common to find them in all kinds of building materials. If you are living in an older home it does not necessarily cause a threat if it is not moving often and releasing particles into the air. Once you start removing walls and that type of thing, it is common to find asbestos. You will need to have the asbestos disposed of before the job can continue. It is important for you to have money set aside for this since you never know what lies behind the walls in your home.
Getting Renovations on Older Auckland Homes Finished
Clearly the renovation tasks outlined above are not for the average DIY-er. These are serious jobs which require a lot of experience and equipment to carry them out. They are definitely tasks for a professional builder, preferably a Master Builder who has the correct insurances and training.
Repair and Restore Ltd is a Master Builder and has plenty of experience in renovating older homes in Auckland throughout the area. Give them a call or visit their website.
There is nothing like making a solid plan for renovating an older home to make it look like new. While this is the result you are looking for, there are several things that can happen along the way to make things turn out very differently than you had hoped for. As long as you follow all of the advice given here, your project should be a complete success.
After a family has been in a home for some time, they often feel a need for some renovation works. This can be due to growing families and their needs for space, elders requiring to be cared for, because the house looks run down and in need of refurbishment, or simply because you think you need to upgrade your lifestyle. Whatever your reason, here are some thoughts about how to arrange for financing for major home renovations.
Any major home renovation project must be approached with thought and consideration for the finance required for it. After all, there is no point in having some significant work done on your house if it is going to cause you financial hardship as you will not be able to enjoy the fruits of your investment. So before you get to far down the track, here are some financing ideas for you.
Make a list of all the improvements you want in your home. Most major improvements in homes start from kitchens and bathrooms, while some may need building extra rooms, a den or study, jazzing up the living room, building a deck or adding a conservatory. Make sure that the requirements of all the family members are considered, especially if there are teenagers in the family. Once you have this list, properly discussed and prioritised, find a home renovation contractor who can give you quotes for the work. Ask them to break it down into various areas of the renovation so you can make a decision about whether to go ahead with that particular aspect of the total job.
You also need to make sure that you will have no problem for permissions from local authorities, if they are necessary. The Auckland Council has some helpful building consent guidelines on this website.
Now that you have the quotations for the work, look at the finances that you need to arrange. Examine your own financial situation. Do you have extra cash lying around that you easily use? Do you have any assets like stocks or bonds that you can liquidate? If this enables you to easily go ahead with the project, appoint a company that carries out home renovations. Auckland has a number of companies to consider.
Home renovation projects can cost a fair bit of money, when many areas of the home are involved. Taking or arranging finance from lenders allows you to use money from your future income, a situation that makes things comfortable all around, and does not force you to dip into savings. There are number of alternatives that can be considered for this. They can be:
- Borrowing against retirement funds
- Home improvement loans
- Credit from home equity
- Second mortgage
Depending on your age, the amount available in retirement funds can be substantial and can fund home renovations. The downside is that these funds have to be repaid with interest and can deplete the nest egg you have put by for your old age. It may also affect your tax liabilities. Get proper advice from your tax adviser before you select this option.
Government agencies might allow you to get loans for some home improvements jobs, but amounts available may be limited and these loans have a number of qualifying conditions that you will need to meet.
The home can be offered as collateral after due valuation by your mortgage lender and the amount less the mortgage still due can be taken on as a line of credit for your home renovation.
Most home renovations are undertaken after homes have been owned for a long time, and if you have been regular in paying your mortgage payments, you will have sufficient equity built into it. Take a second mortgage against this equity but be careful of the interest rates you negotiate.
If your mortgage has been taken at times of high interest rates, go for refinancing at a lower rate and repay the old mortgage, leave the total amount of the loan as it is, and any saving from the refinance can be used to fund the renovations.
Once you have the finance sorted then you will need to appoint a suitable home renovation firm to undertake the works.
Home renovations usually add to the value of a home, and that is why financing is rarely a problem with lenders. They understand that you are improving assets that you have pledged with them.
You will also have the benefit of extra comfortable living and added convenience from having a major home renovation.
Restoring Old Villas in Auckland
Many people prefer to buy old homes and renovate them instead of building a new house from scratch. There are multiple reasons for this. Often times it is easier to find an old house for sale rather than a plot of land where you can build a new one. Old homes have character, they have style, they can speak volumes about the homeowner and about the people living in them. So if you are of those people who prefer restoring old villas and homes, this article will be for you.
The problem when buying an old home is that you need to make the best renovation decisions in terms of money, effort and results. This article addresses such problems and offers a few tips you are welcome to use in your
1. Structure of the Building
When buying an old home, you need to make sure its structure is solid and without problems. If it is not, you need to fix that. One of the most delicate parts is the foundation. Even if the house looks in good shape, the foundation may have cracks which pose a big risk of water or even gas infiltrations. Building methods have changed over the last 50 years, so houses built a long time ago may not have had foundation sealer applied on the outside.
The first thing to do is check the foundation thoroughly, and then decide whether sealing the basement floor would suffice or you need to consider a new foundation and floor. There’s a big difference in costs, therefore you shouldn’t go for a replacement if it isn’t really necessary.
If house is built on concrete pilings, you should have those checked too. Concrete does degrade over time and having them replaced can be very expensive.
2. The Lead Problem
Lead is very dangerous for humans, but this was an unknown fact 80 years ago. An old house may have plumbing pipes made from lead. Even if the house was built after 1940, when lead was forbidden, the copper pipes were joined together with solder that also contained this poisonous metal.
There are two restoration options you can choose from. The first one is to replace the old pipes with new ones. This option is expensive therefore many homeowners opt for another solution instead. They install a filtration system to remove lead from the water. If you only do this for the kitchen you may pay as little as $500, while for the whole house it may cost around $2,000. Either way, it is much cheaper than replacing the pipes.
Another potential source of lead in old homes is the paint. Old paints were based on lead therefore an old house with its original paint still on will probably have this problem. There are two options of fixing this issue: to encapsulate the old paint in latex or to completely change the siding of the house. It is not a good idea to sandblast the old siding because the lead may penetrate the soil and affect all vegetables you may want to cultivate in your garden.
Old houses are built in conform to the old standards of the day, if indeed there were any building codes. We have heard how building codes have become more stringent in recent years and many homes did not need to have planning connect or any type of building approval. Therefore you may expect them not to have grounded electrical outlets. This is something you definitely need to check and fix, because older systems were not built to run all our modern home appliances. Rewiring the whole house may cost you around $10,000, while rewiring only the kitchen may cost only $1,000 – $2,000.
4. Other renovation projects
There are also other problems such as refurbishing or replacing the windows, installing a new cesspool or septic tank and getting rid of buried oil tanks on your property. All these require money and time. Therefore you need to think long and hard well before deciding upon all options you have when restoring an old home.
5. Extensive restoration of a villa
Since you will need to be hiring professional trades people, an alternative to piecemeal restoration or repair projects is to think about a major restoration of your villa. Undoubtedly replacing wiring or plumbing is going to require ripping away the walls. So as there is going to be a lot of mess, for a little extra thought, you could remove unnecessary internal walling, replace the kitchen or bathroom, add a new bedroom or a whole array of different restoration ideas.
If you try to handle all of these different tasks and contractors yourself, it will drive you crazy. It will be a massive job which will tax your patience and family relationships. So by far, the best option is to hire an Auckland villa renovations company. Take a look at Repair and Restore as a possible renovations company. Their website http://repairandrestore.co.nz/ has some good video comments from very happy customers. Plus they operate all over the Auckland area.
Often a family home has a rich past with many happy memories that you are not ready to lose. Or you just bought a house which is quite old but you do not want to bring it down to pave way for a new one. Or maybe you simply do not want to move from your existing house but you want to modernise it. No matter your reason for wanting to keep an old home old homes are unique with their own unique charm. Different architectural designs, different finishes plus a dash of history make them completely different from the cookie-cutter commonality of many newly built houses. One of the best ways you could get to keep all this is by opting to restore your old villa.
Home restoration serves as a better way of making difference but keeping everything the same way it was. Most old homes are highly distinctive. Their architectural, how spaces are used and even the technology used in them (which was unique in their time) make them invaluable masterpieces that cannot easily be brought down. Restoration usually involves the replacement of old, worn out or broken down parts with newer ones. But there are often more basic yet ultimately much more significant issues which need to be addressed before the surface restoration work can be put on show. These can include:
In-depth assessment of and reinforcing of existing foundations
Replacing old electrical systems
Heating and ventilation systems
Once these have been taken into account then you can consider the more visual aspects like creating open spaces, renovating the kitchen, installing a new bathroom, adding an extra bedroom, incorporating a new deck and many more ideas.
However, when it comes to the restoration of any old home you need to realise of their fragility. There are some parts of such homes that when messed with could utterly destroy the entire structure. For instance, is it better to repair and renovate old wooden windows than it would be to opt to replace them? New windows might be metal framed which may not look as good as the original wooden ones. On the other hand, you could have replica wooden windows so you retain the appearance of the old windows but have new wood in their place. Alternatively, you may have the original windows repaired and upgraded as part of the renovation work.
To easily yet effectively restore an old home, here are some options you could opt to work with to make the best of your endeavor:
Use colour to change perspective and bring life
When looking to restore an old home and are quite sprung up on cash, one of the best options would be to use color to bring in some pizzazz. The right choice of colours will give new life to any room and at very little additional cost.
Add more space instead of bringing down the whole building
In some cases, most owners of old home are looking for extra space. As young children become teenagers, they will want to have their own bedroom rather than sharing as they may have done when they were toddlers. If this is your situation you could always opt to add some extra square feet by one of two ways.
You can have an extension built or you can have a restoration builder incorporate an already existing building into the home. Whichever option you pick, there will be a considerable amount of work involved from the planning and consent stage through to finding a suitable builder and then surviving the mayhem that goes with big restoration projects.
Leave most of the home’s history intact
For the sake of your home returning its splendour as an antique, it is important that you strive to keep as much of its history as you possibly can intact. Old styled cabinets, floors, ceilings and fireplaces will usually tell a great story about any home and will give it a touch of class, especially when given a touch of modern fittings. It is almost impossible to say that everything in a home can be restored considering forces of nature that wreak havoc on them; however, the elements which can be salvaged should be restored where possible.
Hire a professional
While you could opt for the DIY kind of restoration for your old home, it is best if you hired villa restoration specialists to handle the task. Doing it yourself could serve you quite well if you are looking for small repairs or restorations like repainting the home, repairing broken plumbing and such. However, for a full scale, in depth restoration of an entire home, hiring professionals is the advisable thing to do as they have the skill, the manpower, the knowledge and the equipment required to get the job done.
If you do own an old home, it would be better restoring rather than tearing it down. On the one hand you get to save its heritage and history while at the same time saving yourself a ton of cash that you would have otherwise spent tearing it down and constructing another.
If you are looking for Auckland villa restoration specialists, Repair & Restore Ltd have a great reputation for tastefully restoring old villas and homes and that rare breed of reliable building company.
Www.repairandrestore.co.nz for more details.
People who are thinking about new home construction would be wise to give the concept of eco-modular a thought or two. An eco-modular home is a pre-fab style home that is especially designed to be environmentally friendly. Many people use these types of homes for granny units, guest houses, beach or country houses; however, they are also perfectly good for use as a primary residence.
There are lots of benefits to making the eco-modular choice rather than pursuing traditional building techniques. In this article, we will outline these advantages. Read onto learn more.
You’ll be amazed by how quickly your new home will be ready for use. The home is actually built at the factory, disassembled, shipped to you and put back together again. This takes an amazingly short amount of time.
The materials used in an eco-modular home are environmentally friendly every step of the way. If you were to design an eco-friendly home on your own and locate sources for all of the environmentally friendly materials to be used, it would take you a while and cost you a pretty penny. Eco-friendly, pre-fab home builders have already done all that work for you. They source their materials in bulk, so they are able to get the best prices on truly innovative, attractive and durable building materials.
One example of an unusual, beautiful and popular renewable building material is bamboo flooring. This material is good looking, easy to take care of, affordable and very eco-friendly because bamboo is an entirely renewable source.
Choices in eco-friendly fixtures and appliances are made in advance. Choose from the top selections in the latest technology and innovations. For example, you can have your entire home outfitted with energy efficient lighting and Energy Star appliances to save energy and save you money.
All windows are double-paned and glazed for the utmost in temperature control and energy efficiency. Bathroom, kitchen and laundry areas are outfitted with water and energy saving fixtures and appliances.
Eco-modular homes are generally designed to make the most efficient use of space. This compact styling keeps building costs down and increases energy efficiency. Furthermore, it allows hopeful homeowners to make good use of less expensive and smaller lots.
It is very true that good things come in small packages, and eco-modular homes are no exception. They are good looking, space saving, energy saving and economical. Styles are many and varied and make it possible for people with a wide range of preferences to select just the right combination of characteristics to build the perfect new home.
When you choose the eco-modular way of building your new home, you can count on getting just what you want, affordably and in a timely manner. Once all selections and choices have been made, the home can be constructed, delivered and installed in a very short period of time. You won’t have to wait around, squandering money on rent, for your home owning dreams to come true.
You are sure to be happy living in your new home. This type of living is practical, affordable and easy care. Maintenance is usually very simple ant trouble free. A more compact home naturally takes less care, and the fact that eco-modular homes are constructed using top notch materials and construction methods makes care that much simpler and easier.
It’s easy to see that considering an eco-modular home as an option for building your new home is a very smart idea indeed. There is really no better way to construct a good looking, energy efficient, earth friendly, affordable new home.